Skip to Main Content

Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering: MME 451 / 551 | Sustainability in Design

Identifying Keywords

This is a three step process, which begins with articulating your topic in a few sentences, then breaking it down to main concepts, from which you’ll devise related terms. 

Describe your topic in a few sentences
Main concept 1 Main concept 2 Main concept 3
Synonyms / related terms for main concept 1 Synonyms / related terms for main concept 2 Synonyms / related terms for main concept 3

You now have keywords to start searching with, which can be combined in different ways to pull up results relevant to your research. You might discover additional terms during your searching.

Database Recommendations

Reforestation Group Resources

Suggested keywords for getting started

  • reforestation
  • agroforestry
  • trees
  • vegetation
  • carbon dioxide
  • CO2
  • carbon sequestration
  • plant absorption
  • mitigation 
  • climate change
  • urban
  • city
  • urban landscape
  • neutrality
  • North America
  • Appalachia
  • Ohio

These articles are just to get you started on the topic. You'll need to do more searching for your project.

Reforestation in general

  • Bernal, B et al. (2018) ‘Global carbon dioxide removal rates from forest landscape restoration activities’, Carbon Balance and Management, 13(1), pp. 1–13. doi:10.1186/s13021-018-0110-8.
  • Fares, S. et al. (2020) ‘Testing Removal of Carbon Dioxide, Ozone, and Atmospheric Particles by Urban Parks in Italy’, Environmental Science & Technology, 54(23), pp. 14910–14922. doi:10.1021/acs.est.0c04740.
  • Mardiatmoko, G. et al. (2020) 'The rate of absorption of carbon dioxide and moisture content in Linggua (Pterocarpus indicus willd.) for climate change management', Ecology, Environment and Conservation, 26, pp. S415-S422. ISSN: 0971765X.
  • Mitsch, W.J. et al. (2014) ‘Validation of the ecosystem services of created wetlands: Two decades of plant succession, nutrient retention, and carbon sequestration in experimental riverine marshes’, Ecological Engineering, 72, pp. 11–24. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.09.108.
  • Santori, G. et al. (2018) ‘Adsorption artificial tree for atmospheric carbon dioxide capture, purification and compression’, Energy, 162, pp. 1158–1168. doi:10.1016/

Urban reforestation

Specific to Ohio

Electrical Energy and Mechanical Devices Group Resources

Suggested keywords for getting started

  • battery or batteries
  • mechanical device
  • pump
  • heat pump
  • storage
  • containment
  • energy
  • electrical energy
  • electrolysis 

Bio-plastics Group Resources

Main concepts and suggested keywords for getting started

  • raw material
    • Naptha
    • ethane
    • gas oil
    • sugarcane
    • bioplastic
    • petropowder
  • cracking and polymerization
    • Naptha
    • ethane
    • gas oil
    • production cost
    • commercialized cost
  • Recycling and EOL
    • degradation
    • energy
    • CO2
    • timing
    • environmentally friendly
    • landfill
    • cost


Profile Photo
Kristen Adams

If you have questions or need help with research, please contact me at

To schedule a meeting, please email me and let me know your preference for day/time and for in-person or virtual.

209 King Library

Books from the Syllabus