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Geology & Environmental Earth Science: Writing & Citing

Literature Reviews

Literature reviews are a fundamental component of any research project. The document here is a guide on conducting a literature review.

Citation Styles

Given that there are many citation styles, check with your professor for advice on which to use.

Included here is a mix of books, e-books, databases and web resources.

Citation Management | Zotero


It's important to cite your sources.  Using someone else's idea without giving them credit is considered plagiarism and academic dishonesty.  This can have serious consequences.

Fortunately, it's really easy to avoid.  Cite your sources. Cite all of them - not just textual, but any images, graphs, videos, audio recordings, or data you use.

One reason college students are taught this is because it's expected in the professional publishing world too. So, it's advisable to think critically and pay attention to citations when you are evaluating the research of others. 

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