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PSS X77: Applied Social Research Lab (Dietz): How to Cite Sources

Citing Sources - APA


Watch Video: APA Citation Style for a quick introduction to APA citations.

See the APA Citation Style Guide for an excellent list of sample citations and guidance on doing in-text citations.

Consult the Purdue OWL Writing Lab APA Formatting and Style Guide for an overview of how the APA style works, both in writing your paper and in creating citations.


You may also see the Citing Sources  page of the library site for a number of useful links and tips for information on how cite your sources and also some tools that will help you do so. And whatever you do, don't forget the ability to email yourself an APA, MLA, or Chicago citation from Articles & More and other databases. If you don't know how to do this, just ask me!

Quick Reference Guide

Academic Integrity

Avoiding Plagiarism

There are two types of plagiarism, intentional and unintentional.

Intentional plagiarism occurs when a student knows that he or she is passing off someone else's words or ideas as their own by purchasing a paper, turning in a friend's paper as their own or copying and pasting from the internet or other source and not giving credit to the source.

Unintentional plagiarism is the most common type of plagiarism and occurs when students use the words or ideas of others but fail to quote or give credit, usually because they do not know how. Examples include omitting a citation or citing inaccurately, paraphrasing by only changing a few words without changing the sentence structure of the original text.

Even if you did not intend to cheat, it's still plagiarism! The punishment can still be the same whether or not you meant to cheat or not. 

Here are some helpful tips on identifying and avoiding plagiarism:

Here are some tips on preventing plagiarism when writing 

Avoiding Plagiarism: What Do I Need to Cite?