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Preventing Plagiarism: Citing Sources

Understanding academic integrity will spare all concerned much heartache. Knowing something about copyright, citing sources correctly and what constitutes plagiarism is necessary to advance in the life of the University.

Citations Made Plain

  • See Citations & Academic Integrity Module 6 for tutorials and quizzes for specific styles by Credo
  • Citing sources enables others to find the original source you used and to examine the information in context, for themselves. Cite the source of your quotations, paraphrases, and summaries.  
  • Different source types: books, journal articles, websites, images, and videos require different elements, arranged according to the citation style you are using, whether Modern Language Association (MLA) , American Psychological Association (APA)... 
  • Different publishing elements in the citation include author, title, place of publication, publication date, volume, issue, pages, URL, access date
  • Sources are cited in the body of the paper (parenthetical or in-text) and at the end of a document (Works Cited or References). 
  • Citation generators can speed up citing sources. 
  • Citation: A Very (Brief) Introduction, NCSU Libraries, 1.54 min

In-Text Citations

IN-TEXT Citations - APA and MLA

Cite the source of quotations and paraphrased material within the paper.  IN-Text Citations    
or Parenthetical Citations are located within the body of your paper and are formatted like this:

APA In-Text Citations: The Basics 
Quick Summary of In-Text APA Format: 
Begin by introducing the author and year of publication.
Follow with the quotation.
End with the exact source citation or page.
Example: According to Jones (1998), "quotation" (p. 199).
If the author is omitted, include last name, date, page in parentheses.
Example:  "quotation" (Jones, 1998, p. 199).


MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics 
Quick Summary of In-Text MLA Format
Use the author's last name and page number(s)
The author's last name may appear in the sentence referring to the quoted or paraphrased material or in parentheses ()
The page number must always appear in parentheses ()
Example: Wordsworth stated  quotation/paraphrase (263).
Example:  quotation/paraphrase (Wordsworth 263).