IN-TEXT Citations APA and MLA
When you write research papers, you will cite the source of quotations and paraphrased material in two ways: In-Text Citations, within the body of your paper and References (APA) or Works Cited (MLA), at the end of your paper. In-text citations are also called parenthetical citations.
APA In-Text Citations: The Basics provided by OWL, Purdue University Library
Quick Summary of In-Text APA Format:
Begin by introducing the author and year of publication.
Follow with the quotation.
End with the exact source citation or page.
Example: According to Jones (1998), "quotation" (p. 199).
If the author is omitted, include last name, date, page in parentheses.
Example: "quotation" (Jones, 1998, p. 199).
MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics provided by OWL, Purdue University Library
Quick Summary of In-Text MLA Format
Use the author's last name and page number(s)
The author's last name may appear in the sentence referring to the quoted or paraphrased material or in parentheses ()
The page number must always appear in parentheses ()
Example: Wordsworth stated quotation/paraphrase (263).
Example: quotation/paraphrase (Wordsworth 263).