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Art Studio & Communication Design: Citation Guide

Chicago Manual Libguide

For more information on how to cite in Chicago Manual, see the library's research guide.

Citing Images

Artworks are usually not cited in a reference list. Instead, the information is included in a caption near the image. In this case, the only real difference between the two styles is where the date is located.

Artworks from electronic resources:

Fig. #. Artist First Name, Last Name. Artwork Title. Year. Medium. Size. Location or owner of work. URL. 

Example:

Fig. 1. Jacob Lawrence. Crossing the Bridge. 1975. Screenprint. 19.5” x 25.875”. Art Institute of Chicago, https://www.artic.edu/artworks/189201/confrontation-at-the-bridge

Artwork published in a book:

Fig. #. Artist First Name, Last Name. Artwork Title. Year. Medium. Size. Location or owner of work. From: Author’s First and Last Name. Title of Print Source. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Page or Plate Number.

Example:

Fig. 2. Alice Neel. Nancy and the Rubber Plant. 1975. Oil on canvas, 203.2 x 91.4 cm. The Estate of Alice Neel. From: Ann Temkin et al. Alice Neel. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000. Plate 64.

Artworks published in an article:

Fig. #. Artist First Name, Last Name. Artwork Title. Year. Medium. Size. Location or owner of work. From: Author’s First and Last Name, “Article Title.” Journal Title vol. #, issue # (Month Year): page or plate number

Example:

Fig. 3. Abdel Hadi Al-Gazzar. Un Djinn Amoureux. 1953. Gouache and india ink on paper. 53 by 28 centimeters. Alexandria Museum of Fine Arts. From: Avinoam Shalem. "Exceeding Realism: Utopian Modern Art on the Nile and Abdel Hadi Al-Gazzar's Surrealistic Drawings." South Atlantic Quarterly 109, no. 3 (Summer 2010): 585.

An artwork you saw in person:

Artist First Name, Last Name. Image Title. Medium. Year. Size. Museum or place artwork is, Location (if not in museum name). 

Example:

Fig. 4. Mickalene Thomas. Girlfriends and Lovers. 2008. Acrylic, enamel and rhinestones on panel. 108” x 144”. Akron Art Museum.

Online Resources for Citation

Common Citation Styles for Art & Architectural History

Citation Management Programs

Check out the Citation Management page for programs that can help you manage your citations and references for larger projects.