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NSG 441 (Hamilton): Citing

Q & A on APA

Q. How do I format my paper according to APA style?  What spacing and font should I use?  What should my title page look like? How do I use headings throughout my paper?
A. General APA Formatting Info  |  APA Headings

Q. How do I cite information in the body of my paper?  What should a quote or paraphrase look like in my paper?
A. In-Text Citation Basics

Q. What should my Reference list at the end of the paper look like?  What should the header for this page look like?  In what order should my references be listed? 
A. Reference List Basics

Q. How do I cite a book, article, website, etc. on my References page?
A. Books  |  Articles  |  Websites and Other Electronic Resources

Tutorials and Videos

Please watch this short video about Why Citations Matter (tutorial)

Here is another video about Academic Integrity (video)

For more information about citations and how they impact academic integrity, visit the Miami University Libraries' Academic Integrity guide.

Citations and Academic Integrity

It is very important to cite information used in your papers that comes from another source. Not only does this keep you from plagiarizing (which is a very serious offense that could result in you failing the assignment or even the course), but it also tells readers where you found that information and it gives your writing and work more credibility. 

In order to properly cite information, you need to use both in-text citations and a reference list at the end of your paper. In-text citations tell the reader in which item on your reference list this quote or paraphrase was found, and are placed adjacent to the quote/paraphrase. The reader can then use the corresponding citation on your reference list to find that original work for themselves and read, watch, or listen to what else the author had to say about your topic.

The pair of citations would look something like this:

In your paper: 
Reseach by Baniya and Weech (2019) indicates that service-learning students...blah blah blah.
This information came from that specific article in my reference list.

In your references list:
Baniya, S., & Weech, S. (2019). Data and experience design: Negotiating community-oriented digital research with service-learning. Purdue  Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement, 6(1), 11–16.
I can use the information in this citation to get a copy of the article if I would like to read more of the author's analysis.