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PsycINFO & APA (Hamilton): APA

Q & A on APA

Q. How do I format my paper according to APA style?  What spacing and font should I use?  What should my title page look like? How do I use headings throughout my paper?
A. General APA Formatting Info  |  APA Headings  |  Sample Paper 

Q. How do I cite information in the body of my paper?  What should a quote or paraphrase look like in my paper?
A. In-Text Citation Basics

Q. What should my Reference list at the end of the paper look like?  What should the header for this page look like?  In what order should my references be listed? 
A. Reference List Basics

Q. How do I cite a book, article, website, etc. on my References page?
A. Books  |  Articles  |  Websites and Other Electronic Resources

Academic Integrity & Citing in Your Paper

In-text citations and the list of references

It is very important to cite information used in your papers that comes from another source. Not only does this keep you from plagiarizing (which is a very serious offense that could result in you failing the assignment or even the course), but it also tells readers where you found that information and it gives your writing and work more credibility. 

In order to properly cite information, you need to use both in-text citations and a reference list at the end of your paper. In-text citations tell the reader on what page of which item on your reference list this quote or paraphrase was found. This information is placed adjacent to the quote/paraphrase. The reader can then use the corresponding citation on your reference list to find that original work for themselves and read, watch, or listen to what else the author had to say about your topic.

The pair of citations would look something like this (in APA for this example):

In your paper: 
Reseach by Baniya and Weech (2019) indicates that service-learning students...blah blah blah.
The information I am sharing here came from the article by these authors in my reference list at the end of the paper.

In your references list:
Baniya, S., & Weech, S. (2019). Data and experience design: Negotiating community-oriented digital research with service-
     learning. Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement, 6(1), 11–16.
I can use the information in this citation to get a copy of the article if I would like to read more of the author's analysis.



Plagiarism is a type of academic dishonesty that involves using another person's ideas, words, music, images, etc. as your own without proper attribution. Plagiarism comes in a variety of forms, each of which is considered to be cheating. Northern Illinois University has an excellent resource describing several types of plagiarism, showing what each looks like, and showing a correction that properly credits the source and/or rewrites the problem section of the paper.

Pay close attention to this information from Central Penn College about patchwork or mosaic plagiarism, as this is a common form of plagiarism committed by students early in their research writing careers, often without realizing it. 

This guide from the Miami University Libraries has additional information about Plagiarism & Paraphrasing.

Tutorials & Videos

Please watch this short video about Why Citations Matter

Here is tutorial about Academic Integrity.

Another tutorial about the Value of Information.

Here is a video about Plagiarism.

For more information about citations and how they impact academic integrity, visit the Miami University Libraries' Academic Integrity guide.