The American Mathematical Society suggests the use of a document preparation system called LaTeX. If you use LaTeX you can download different author packages that will help you format your document for different book series or journals.
Physics does not have a current standard style, however the a commonly used style is from the American Institute of Physics (AIP).
AIP style employs a numbered, superscript, in-text format that references a list at the end of the publication; journal titles are always abbreviated.
In the sciences and some social sciences, there are fewer standard styles. Often different publishers will have different styles, and there may not be one standard for each discipline.
Some citation styles require you to use the journal abbreviation instead of the full title. Use these websites to help you find the abbreviations.
The libraries have different guides on patents and standards, with guidance on citing them too. Please see these guides for advise - they include multiple citation styles.