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Physics: Writing and Citing


Physics does not have a current standard style, but those submitting manuscripts to American Institute of Physics (AIP) journals utilize AIP Style Manual, 4th edition (c) 1990-1997. It employs a numbered, superscript, in-text format that references a list at the end of the publication. Note: Journal titles are always abbreviated. Appendix G (page 49 of the PDF) of the Style Manual offers a list of journal abbreviations. You can also find a list of abbreviations at

Princeton has a useful guide for deciding when a citation is necessary: . The general rules are to cite direct and indirect quotations, paraphrased ideas, and summaries. When in doubt, cite!


Journal Abbreviations

Some citation styles require you to use the journal abbreviation instead of the full title.  Use these websites to help you find the abbreviations.

Need Help? Just Ask!

EndNote Access

EndNote Online logo; links to Miami's access to EndNote

(aka Endnote Basic or EndNote Web)

EndNote Online Plug-In

Cite While You Write is a Microsoft Word plug-in that allows you to use your EndNote Online library as you write your paper, inserting citations and creating a bibliography along the way.

To learn more about CWYW, log in to your EndNote Online accountclick on the Options tab and then on Download Installers.

Exporting from Other Databases & Importing References

Exporting from Web of Science databases

  • Web of Science databases offer a direct export option to EndNote Online.

Image of 'Save to EndNote online' button from Web of Science databases

Exporting from other databases

  • Some databases don't offer Direct Export to EndNote Online. 

  • In cases such as this, you will need to export records in a particular format - likely RIS or Refer format - & save the exported file on your computer.

Importing References from other databases into EndNote Online

  1. Under the Collect tab in EndNote Online, click on the Import References link.

  2. Locate the file you exported from the database on your computer.
  3. The Import Option should match the type of file you exported (e.g. RIS or Refer/ReferBibIX format)
    • You can select commonly used formats to add to "My Favorites" so they show up in a short list
  4. Select what folder (if any) you would like the item(s) to be added to & click Import


Screen Image of select import styles added to 'My Favorites' list on EndNote Online's 'Import References' page