The Census occurs every 10 years, in years ending in zero, to count the population and housing units for the entire United States. Its primary purpose is to provide the population counts that determine how seats in the U.S. House of Representatives are apportioned.
Data about women is available in the data tables and tools associated with the topics listed on the page linked above.
This fact sheet compiled for Women's History Month includes some population statistics for each of these groups. The page also includes links to Population Profiles with more detailed information.
The Gender Pay Gap
$512 billion = The economic upside of closing the gender pay gap in the United States.
$290 billion = The amount of money we could add to families' earnings by closing the gender pay gap. That's 16x the amount spent on Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.
The pandemic widened the gender pay gap by 5 percentage points. We are now back to 1998 levels in terms of gender pay equity.
This is how the pay gap shifts at various intersections. (Amount made for each dollar a man earns)
About three quarters of Americans who say country has work to do on gender equality see sexual harassment as a major obstacle
Among those who say the country has not gone far enough when it comes to giving women equal rights with men, % of me and women saying each of the following is a major obstacle to having equal rights with men in our country